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Printing

Printing questions

Where Are My Plot Styles?

Applies to 

Caddie 10 and higher

Question 

Where are my plot styles?

Answer 

Plot styles in a Caddie  DWG (or any Caddie drawing type) are stored as individual files (yourname.ctb) in a plotstyle folder. Also when in the Caddie plotstyle manager (MENU>FILE>CONFIGURE PLOTSYLES) copying, creating  or renaning plotstyles will use the desiganated folder.

The actual place where this is will depend the version of your Caddie or your operating system or your choosen location (see below).

 

Prior to Caddie 16

The default plotstyle folder is in the installed Caddie folder and is called “Ploltstyes”.

 

From Caddie 16

The folder structure changed and the new position for this folder moved and the location will depend on the operating system.

 

To make it easy to find the default  folders an option was added to the Caddie menu which will take you directly there.

To access this do the following:

MENU>UTILITIES>BROWSE>COMMON APPLICATION DATA FOLDER

plotstylefolder1

 

This opens the common folder in a new Windows Explorer window. There you will see the plotstyle folder. Open this folder and drag and drop, paste a copied plotstyle file or note the folder path for the future.

plotstylefolder2

 

You can also use the Windows search function to search for "plotstyles" or "*.plt"  (without quotes) on the C: drive etc. and that will find the correct folder.

 

Changing the Location of the Plotstyle Folder

If you want to change the folder to a different location, make sure the new location has the required privileges to read and write.

Go to MENU>SETTINGS>ENVIRONMENT SETTINGS>FOLDERS>PLOTSTYLES

Expand the folder and double click the folder path

Select a new path and OK.

plotstylefolder3

The new path has been selected.

The method mentioned above, used to find the default folder, will still show the Caddie default folder and not your custom folder.

To find where that is at any time, use the same method as when changing the folder. This will show the path which you can then use Windows Explorer to find.,

 

This method can also be used to find the current location of the plotstyle folder.

 

 

Specifying Plot Line Widths

 

How to Specify  a Line Plot Width

There are basically two ways to specify a Line width in a DWG drawing (Caddie).

  • Defining it in a Plotstyle
  • Using the Object Pen Width

Using a Plot Style

The first is to use a plotstyle and to specifically say, that at the time of printing what the thickness of the line should be. The pens used to draw (a line for instance) are chosen from the pen select dropdown (255 available pens plus ‘By Layer’ and ‘By Block’). For more detail on using ‘By Layer’ and ‘By Block’ (see the 'Creating Variable Pen Widths' FAQ for further information). The colour of the pen on the screen is use to represent the pen chosen. At the time of printing (plotting), a plot style file is used to translate the object pens (the screen pens) to a plot thickness and plot colour. These plot styles are saved in the Plotstyle folder.

You can find the current path to this folder by looking at

‘MENU | SETTINGS | ENVIRONMENT SETTINGS | PLOTSTYLES’

The path to your own plotstyle folder can also be set here.

The plotstyle that is used for a particular sheet is set by the sheet setup command (‘CADDIE | SHEETS | SHEET SET’). The plotstyle used by viewports defaults to the same as the sheet, but can be set to a different one by doing an ‘Object Properties’ on the viewport and slecting a different plotstyle.

Editing a Plotsyle

To edit a plotstyle use ‘MENU | FILE | CONFIGURE PLOTSTYLES’. The plotstyle that is set for the current sheet (or model) will be the one shown as loaded. If you require to edit another style select it from the ‘LOAD’ dropdown.

In the illustration below, pen one is directly assigned a custom thickness of 0.13. So regardless of any other settings, the line width will be 0.13mm.

Note: polylines also have a property called ‘constant width’. The default value of constant width is set to ‘0’ and therefore when plotted the line width will be that of the plotstyle. If the constant width is greater than ‘0’ the greater width will be the one plotted.

In theory every pen could have a ‘Custom’ width set in the plotstyle but usually only those required for a pre-set size will be assigned. All others are normally set as ‘Object’ Widths. Object widths are those set directly on the screen. See below and the FAQ

Editing Plotstyles Dialogue

The same dialogue also allows the setting of the colour of the plotted pen.

The choice is

Object Pen Colour Set the colour of the Plotted Pen the same as the current screen pen (Object Pen)
Custom Sets the pen from the drop down colour palette

 

Again only those required for a pre-set will be set to ‘Custom’ all others are normally set as ‘Object Colour’.

 

Setting Lines Widths to a Custom Width

The other way set the line widths is to indicate the lines on the screen by using the pen thickness dropdown.

splw2

For example, if a line is drawn using Pen 40, intstead of rellying on setting the thickness in the plot style, the thickness can be specified at the time of drawing. In the case 0.35mm is used. Another line could be drawn, also using pen 40, but the width is changed to – say – 2.5mm.

splw3

As long as the pen (in this case 40 or 63 hasn’t been pre-set in the plotstyle (it is set as Object Pen Width) you will get a plotted line with a thickness of the object thickness.

If it is required to display these widths on the screen the display widths need to be turned on from the status bar.

splw4a splw4b
Visibility ON Visibility OFF

 

Use the default object pen width of ‘DEFAULT’ when not specifying the widths on the screen.   This may be set directly or ‘BYLAYER’. 

How can I stop Opaque borders printing?

By default borders of Opaques show on screen and print. This is a property of the drawing and can be controlled using the following command:

Settings->Drawing Settings->Opaques-> Show boundary->Set to No.

If you are using a template and you set this property to 'No' in the template, then all drawings created based on that template will inherit that setting.

Drawings with gradient hatches do not print properly to pdf printers

 

There is a well documented PDF problem that effects many Windows programs with regard to the way PDF’s  handle ‘Vertices’. You don’t need to know what the are except the gradient hatches, in Caddie, which are described by the OpenGL commands, can have a lot of vertices.

When creating PDF’s you may need to change the settings in you PDF writers preferences.

To do this open up the preference dialogue by right clicking your printer. All printers have different dialogues including PDF writers. You need to look for an ADVANCED button (as shown in a CUTEPDF preferences dialogue) and you will get a dialogue similar to the one shown below. In the POSTSCRIPT  OPTIONS section look for the Postscript Level and change it from 3 to 2. You only need to do this once. Setting it to PS Level 2 shouldn’t effect any other programmes use of this driver, but if it does then temporally set it back to L3.

If Level 2 doesn't work for you try Level 1

 

pdf1

 

pdf2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How can I print a rendered Vio Image?

Use the File->Save-as to save as a jpg or other image format.

Creating a Variable Custom Pen Thickness

We are always being asked how to create a ‘Boundary’ or ‘Special’ pen.

One way would be to pre-assign a number of pens in the plot style file, specifically for this purpose.

It is quite common to have, say the first 8 or 9 pens, set to progressively thicker lines, with a custom pen colour of, say ‘Black’, There may also be a second set of pen (say 11 to 18) with the units are that same for each thickness as 1-9), but all with a colour of,say, ‘Mid Grey’. These can then be used for any secondary detail such as line hatches, or existing or other building detail.

pensettings1

First 5 Pens  

 

pensettings2

A Set of Grey Pens

 

If you want sets of extra colours such as red, green an blue, for boundary lines etc., you soon start to eat into the remaining 255 pens. This reduces the number of pens that can be set as ‘Object Colour’, which you may want to use for hatch etc. Not only that, you will have a lot more pen numbers to remember.

A way around this, for these ‘little used pens’, is to have three pens (80, 160 & 240 as an example) set in the plot style. These are set with a custom colour of GREEN, BLUE and RED respectfully and thickness set to ‘OBJECT’

pensettings3g

Settings for a Green Custom Pen

pensettings3b
Settings for a BlueCustom Pen

pensettings3r
Settings for a Red Custom Pen
 

As a note, the maximum pen thickness that can be set is 2.11mm. There are a number of solutions to creating thicker lines.

  • The first is, simply, to draw parallel lines with an offset of just under the current thickness. This howe ver makes editing any changes more complicated but this can be done with lines, arcs and polylines etc.
  • A better solution is to draw with polylines. Polylines can have an additional properties, one of which is ‘Constant Width’. To change this width, select the polyline. Using ‘object properties’ change the width to the required thickness
pensettings4.
  •  To change the width of an individual segments, start and end width, use the ‘CADDIE | MODIFY | MODPOL’ command. 

pensettings5

Selecting 'CHANGE' will change all segments to a constant, specified width, which is the same as using object properties. 
Another polyline property that can be set  in ‘Object Properties’ is ‘Thickness’ and this gives a thickness in the Z axis. This is not, normally, used for 2D drawing.

NOTE: When editing a polyline using the 'CADDIE | MODIFY | POLYLINE' commands, such as 'Insert Node', any existing thickness will revert to '0'


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